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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 3     (Pages: 563-570)

Monitoring Eutrophication Trends in Bolgoda North Lake, Sri Lanka by Satellite Remote Sensing

Dahanayakage Don Gihan Lakmal Dahanayaka 1-2 ,Bdc Perera 3 ,Mudiyanselage Jayantha Sisirakumara Wijeyaratne 3 ,Hideyuki Tonooka 1

1 Ibaraki University, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, 4-12-1, Nakanarusawa, 316-8511, Hitachi, Japan
2 National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), Crow Island, Colombo 15, Sri Lanka
3 University of Kelaniya, Department of Zoology and Environmental Management, 11600, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_3_08 Viewed : 4828 - Downloaded : 4531 This study was aimed to determine the present level and past trends of eutrophication of the Bolgoda North lake, Sri Lanka using in situ Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) measurements and remote sensing data obtained from Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflectance Radiometer (ASTER) satellite data. From March to October 2013, Chl-a, nitrate and phosphate contents of the lake were measured once a month on the days of ASTER overpass and using standard laboratory methods. Cloud-free ASTER images of the lake for the 2000-2013 period were atmospherically corrected using Fast Line-ofsight Atmospheric Analysis of Hypercubes (FLAASH) and in-situ Chl-a data were regressed with atmospherically corrected three ASTER Visible and Near Infrared band ratios of the same date. The green/red band ratio, which had the highest coefficient of determination, was used to develop algorithm for generation of 15-m resolution Chl-a distribution maps. Results indicated that eutrophication of this lake has increased from 2008 to 2011. Heavy eutrophic conditions were noted in several regions of the lake in 2013, especially in water stagnant areas and adjacent to freshwater inlets. Unplanned urbanization and inadequate facilities for waste management have resulted in heavy eutrophication of the water body. If the present trends of waste disposal and unplanned urbanization continue, enormous environmental problems would be resulted in future. Keywords : ASTER, Bolgoda North Lake, chlorophyll-a, eutrophication, Sri Lanka