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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2011, Vol 11, Num, 1     (Pages: 69-75)

Fatty Acid Composition and Mineral Content of Upeneus moluccensis and Mullus surmuletus

Abdullah Öksüz 1 ,Ayşe Özyılmaz 1 ,Şenol Küver 1

1 Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 31200 İskenderun, Hatay, Turkey DOI : 10.4194/trjfas.2011.0110 Viewed : 4025 - Downloaded : 4038 Lipid, moisture, fatty acid, and mineral contents of gold band goatfish (Upeneus moluccensis) (Bleeker, 1855) and striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) (Linnaeus, 1758) were investigated. The lipid and moisture contents in the two species were found to be significantly different from each other (P<0.05). Lipids of striped red mullet include significantly (P<0.05) higher levels of C14:0, C15:0, C16:1, C17:1, C18:1n9, C18:2n6, C20:3n6, DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid, C22:6n3) and EPA (Eicasapentaenoic Acid, C20:5n3) fatty acids than those of gold band goatfish. Proportions (%) of SFA (Saturated Fatty Acid), MUFA (Monounsaturated Fatty Acid), and PUFA (Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid), DHA/EPA, and n3/n6 were found to be 39.30, 26.81, 32.18, 3.26, and 5.35 for gold band goatfish and 36.72, 41.83, 18.92, 0.89, and 3.31 for striped red mullet, respectively. K and P were found to be predominant among the 11 measured minerals in the two species. Only the K, Ca, and Na content of the two fish species were found to be significantly different (P<0.05). Keywords : Upeneus moluccensis, Mullus surmuletus, minerals, fatty acids, lipid content, gold band goatfish, striped red mullet