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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2014, Vol 14, Num, 3     (Pages: 769-776)

The Diet Composition and Trophic Position of Introduced Prussian Carp Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) and Native Fish Species in a Turkish River

Şükran Yalçın Özdilek 1 ,Roger I. Jones 2

1 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Science and Letters Faculty, Department of Biology, Canakkale, Turkey
2 University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, PO Box: 35, FIN-40014, Finland
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_3_19 Viewed : 4768 - Downloaded : 4335 Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were carried out to determine the diet composition and trophic position of the invasive species Carassius gibelio to help understand the potential impact of this species on the native fish fauna in the Karamenderes River, northwest Turkey. Filamentous algae were the most important diet component according to stable isotope mixing models. Filamentous algae and detritus formed also considerable part of the gut contents. The trophic position of C. gibelio was 2.43±0.5, 2.04±0.4 and 3.35±0.5 estimated by three different methods. The trophic niche width of this invasive species was larger than those of the native species. Our results indicate that the high dietary plasticity of C. gibelio and its lower trophic position than the other fish community members, can contribute to its success as an invasive species. Keywords : Feeding ecology, stable isotopes, fish ecology, invasive