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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2023, Vol 23, Num, 8     (Pages: TRJFAS22423)

A New Model for Organic Contamination Assessments Using Benthic Macroinvertebrates as Biological Indicators

Nadeesha Dilani Hettige 1-3 ,Rohasliney Hashim 1 ,Ahmad Abas Kutty 2 ,Zulfa Hanan Ashaari 1

1 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Department of Environment, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Department of Earth Science and Environment, Faculty of Science and Technology, 43600 UKM, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
3 National Aquatic Resource Research and Development Agency (NARA), Environmental Studies Division, Crow Island, Colombo 15, Sri Lanka
DOI : 10.4194/TRJFAS22423 Viewed : 316 - Downloaded : 232 The main goal of this study was to develop a model for organic pollution assessment. Seven sampling sites in six rivers in the Rawang sub-basin, Selangor River, Malaysia, were selected with one reference site. The sampling sites near the fish farm were used to develop the model. SR2 was used for the validation of the developed model. Benthic macroinvertebrates and water sampling were conducted from April 2019 to March 2020. The Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and regression were conducted to select the most representing benthic macroinvertebrates family. Based on the score value (variance coefficient) of each benthic macroinvertebrates family, the cumulative score value of each sampling site was calculated (i.e., 18=6 sampling sites x 3 replicates). The nine benthic macroinvertebrate families (Baetidae, Libellulidae, Protoneuridae Chironomidae, Curbicullidae Hydropchysidae, Tubificidae, Lumbriculiade, and Naididae) were identified using PCA and regression. The cluster analysis and mean confidence intervals were used to classify water quality classes precisely. Finally, three different value scales were produced to represent the level of contamination (i.e., <0.69 as organically polluted, 0.69-0.87 as slightly organic polluted, and >0.87 as clean status). The newly developed model was validated. The results produced after validation were better than the water quality status from other studies based on the BMWP/BMWPThai score. This study concludes that the developed model can evaluate river organic contamination successfully. model can evaluate river organic contamination successfully. Keywords : Biotic index Freshwater quality Fish farming Statistical analysis Water Pollution