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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2022, Vol 22, Num, 4     (Pages: TRJFAS20312)

Red tide of Lingulodinium polyedrum (Dinophyceae) in Odesa Bay (Black Sea)

Galyna Terenko 1 ,Alexander Krakhmalnyi 2

1 Ukrainian Scientific Center of Ecology of the Sea, Scientific studies and protection of marine bioceonoses, Odessa, Ukraine
2 Institute for Evolutionary Ecology National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
DOI : 10.4194/TRJFAS20312 Viewed : 1451 - Downloaded : 1551 One of the most massive red tides at the Odessa Bay was observed in September-October 2020. It was caused by a toxic dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein) Dodge. The maximum abundance (56.1 x 106 cells L-1) of L. polyedrum was registered at the Odessa port area on October 6 when a water temperature and a salinity were 19.7°C and 14.3 ‰ respectively. The red tide was so huge and dense that the water glowed at night due to the bioluminescence characteristic of this species. The article briefly describes the history of the study of L. polyedrum in this area and provides a detailed morphological description with original photographs of this species sampled from bloom. We associate the appearance of the red tide with an increased temperature of sea water and air, a high content of nutrients, the presence of viable L. polyedrum cysts, and a slight decrease in salinity in the bay during the period of a mass development of the species in autumn of 2020. The red tide was accompanied by Protoperidinium steini, P. divergens, Prorocentrum cordatum, P. minimum, P. micans, Gonyaulas scrippsae, Diplopsalis lenticula, Azadinium spinosum, Dinophysis rotundata, D. acuminata, Oblea rotunda, Scrippsiella trochoidea, Ceratium furca. Keywords : Harmful Algae Bloom, Morphology, Climate changes, Bioluminescence