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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2021, Vol 21, Num, 10     (Pages: 479-490)

Genetic Characteristics of Brown Trout Salmo trutta from the Tatra National Park in Poland

Marcin Kuciński 1 ,Jacek Kozłowski 2 ,Krzysztof Kozłowski 2 ,Piotr Dynowski 3 ,Dorota Fopp-Bayat 2 ,Konrad Ocalewicz 1

1 University of Gdansk, Institute of Oceanography, Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, 81-378 Gdynia, Al. M. Piłsudskiego 46, Poland
2 University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Ichthyology and Aquaculture, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
3 University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Botany and Nature Protection, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v21_10_01 Viewed : 413 - Downloaded : 494 In the present study the genetic diversity and structure of the brown trout in the Tatra National Park (TNP) was analyzed by application of ten microsatellites and one mitochondrial DNA markers. For this purpose, a total of 96 fish from 7 main streams located on the territory of the TNP were sampled. Examined fish was characterized by a moderate level of the genetic diversity (I=1.196-1.549) and PIC=0.567-0.707). The mean values of observed (Ho) and expected heterozygosity (He) varied from 0,577 to 0,760 and from 0,609 to 0,723, respectively. Based on genetic analysis, five haplotypes were identified, and the computed haplotype diversity (h) and nucleotide diversity (π) values were 0.561 and 0.001, respectively. Assessed genetic differentiation between the examined groups varied from 0.016 do 0.085 and the global test of differentiation (Fst=0.062) among groups provided statistically insignificant values. Constructed Bayesian skyline plot revealed stable population size, however an evidence of a historical decline of the population size in the studied fish was detected. Similarly, to microsatellite DNA analysis, the obtained data on mtDNA analysis showed weak genetic clustering, where two genetic clusters were identified, however, haplotype frequencies did not follow geographical pattern. Keywords : Conservation genetics, Genetic diversity, Genetic structure, Microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA, Salmo trutta