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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2017, Vol 17, Num, 7     (Pages: 1431-1440)

Microlitter Pollution in Sea Water: A Preliminary Study from Sinop Sarikum Coast of the Southern Black Sea

Ayşah Öztekin 1 ,Levent Bat 1

1 Sinop University, Fisheries Faculty, Department of Hydrobiology, 57000, Sinop/Turkey DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_6_37 Viewed : 4292 - Downloaded : 3450 In this study, microplastic pollution for the first time is reported in the sea surface and water column in Sinop Sarıkum Lagoon coast of the southern Black Sea. Distribution, density and type of microplastics were investigated in the study area where is one of the significant wetlands of the Black Sea. Study was carried out between 2015 and 2016 as seasonally and two types of net for sea surface and water column were used for three different depths. Results showed that microparticle density was 2.667±2.325 pieces m⁻3 for sea surface and 24.475±26.153 pieces m⁻3 for water column. The most common material type is ship paints for sampling areas (Sea surface: 55.45%; Water column: 54.21%) followed by fibres, hard plastic pieces and nylons. Our results show that microplastic is found a large amount in the Black Sea and this pollution type is a growing problem in our day. The presence of this pollution type is an important issue and requires further examination about transportation, origins, types and effects on biota. Keywords : Microplastic, marine litter, Black Sea, pollution, Sarıkum Lagoon