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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2018, Vol 18, Num, 1     (Pages: 57-67)

Ichthyoplankton of Inner Part of Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea (2000-2005)

Tulin Coker 1 ,Bulent Cihangir 2

1 Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Fisheries, Muğla, Turkey
2 Dokuz Eylül University, Institute of Marine Science and Technology, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_1_07 Viewed : 3726 - Downloaded : 3170 Inner Bay of Izmir was an important `point of pollution` in terms of domestic and industrial pollution of Mediterranean region at the end of 1990s. From the beginning of 2000s, however, positive effects on all of the groups of living organisms in the marine ecosystem has begun to be seen as a consequence of avoidance of the pollutants. As a result of evaluation on seasonal surface plankton samplings between 2000 and 2005, present study related to the species abundance, distribution evaluated with the abiotic environmental variables such as temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen. Spawning situation has been demonstrated and compared with the previous studies in the Inner İzmir Bay fishes. During the study period, a total of 8727 eggs and 273 larvae were examined. 7 species of eggs and Availability rate of the species tended to increase from the spring to the summer seasons. The dominant species in the Inner Bay is , being responsible for 98% the eggs and 51% of the larvae. 6.59% of the obtained eggs, however, were found be dead. Being one of the other small pelagic species, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) continues to lay eggs at very low levels. Parablennius gattorugine larvae (12%), (11%), and Salaria pavo (9%) are other important species in the region. At the lowest level of dissolved oxygen E. encrasicolus, , Buglossidium luteum (Risso, 1810) eggs and larvae of G. niger, 1.68 mg/L were found. The fact that Blenniidae larvae were detected again at high level in the Inner Bay was found to be related to increased rate of light transparency. Part of the Inner Bay of İzmir that is richest in eggs-larvae is south of the middle part (offshore of Çakalburnu Lagoon) and the part that is richest in larvae is Yenikale Lighthouse located on outer part of the Bay. The weak currents which start from Yenikale Lighthouse doesn`t much effect to eggs and larval drift. Keywords : İzmir Inner Bay, eggs, larvae, ichthyoplankton, fish larval diversity