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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2020, Vol 20, Num, 8     (Pages: 647-658)

Interaction of Plastics with Marine Species

Rafet Cagri OZTURK 1 ,Ilhan ALTINOK 1

1 Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Fisheries Technology Engineering, 61530, Trabzon, Turkey DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v20_8_07 Viewed : 3787 - Downloaded : 4015 The plastic litter in the seas and oceans has become one of the major threats for environment and a wide range of marine species worldwide. Microplastics are the most common litters in the marine environment corresponding to 60-80% of the total litter in the world`s seas. The risk factor of plastics is inversely associated with the size of the plastic. In the present study, we reviewed the state of knowledge regarding the impact of plastic pollution on marine environment and marine species, assessing the ingestion incidences, elimination of plastics, interactions of plastics with other pollutants, and effects on photosynthesis. Records of marine species ingesting plastic have increased and begin to attract considerable attention. Metadata generated from the review of related papers in the present study was used to evaluate the current knowledge on the plastic ingestion by different marine species. The retrieved data from reviewed articles revealed that the ingestion of plastic by marine animals have been documented in more than 560 species including fish, crustaceans, mammals, sea turtles, bivalves, gastropods even in sea stars and limpets. The size of ingested plastics varied from species to species generally depending on the feeding behavior. Microplastics showed the highest number of bibliographic citations in the plastic ingestion studies. They are mostly ingested by planktivorous and filter feeder species. Meso, macro, and occasionally megaplastics are reported in marine mammals and sea turtles since they often confuse plastic for their prey. The sensitivity and size of the detected plastics may vary based on the analytical plastic detection methods. Keywords : Plastic pollution, Mesoplastics, Microplastics, Nanoplastics, Plastic ingestion, Metadata analysis