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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 4     (Pages: 767-777)

Correlation of Phytoplankton Biomass (Chlorophyll-a) and Nutrients with the Catch Per Unit Effort in the PFZ Forecast Areas of Northern Bay of Bengal during Simultaneous Validation of Winter Fishing Season

Sachinandan Dutta 1 ,Abhra Chanda 1 ,Anirban Akhand 1 ,Sugata Hazra 1

1 Jadavpur University, School of Oceanographic Studies, Kolkata, 700 032 DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_4_03 Viewed : 2094 - Downloaded : 3261 The paper discusses the correlation between the Catch per Unit Effort (CPUE) of fishes with the phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll-a) and nutrients in the West Bengal marine fishing zone (northern Bay of Bengal) during the post-monsoon season of 2010-11 and 2011-12. A total of 12 Potential Fishing Zone forecasts were simultaneously validated on board, covering 70 random samplings points wherein the physico-chemical parameters were also measured. A strong positive correlation of the CPUE with phytoplankton biomass was observed. The CPUE also positively correlated with the essential nutrients like dissolved inorganic phosphate (DIP), dissolved inorganic nitrate (DIN) and silicate. Four components were figured out in the principal component analysis out of 11 environmental variables. The first component primarily consisted of salinity, Secchi depth (positive loadings), turbidity and dissolve oxygen (DO) (negative loadings). Increases in component 2 were associated with increases in nutrients (silicate, nitrate and phosphate). The CPUE was much higher (8.15±6.08 kg/hour) in the PFZ forecast zones compared to the areas outside the forecast area (3.51±1.61 kg/hour). Keywords : Catch per unit effort, northern Bay of Bengal, phytoplankton biomass, PFZ forecast, nutrient