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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 2     (Pages: 475-480)

Influence of Temperature on Successful European Eel Female Maturation under Controlled Conditions

Dariusz Kucharczyk 1 ,Tomasz Czarkowski 1 ,Joanna Nowosad 1 ,Katarzyna Targońska 1 ,Krzysztof Kupren 1 ,Elżbieta Wyszomirska 2 ,Roman Kujawa 1 ,László Horváth 3 ,Tamás Müller 3

1 University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Lake and River Fisheries, Al. Warszawska 117A, 10-718 Olsztyn-Kortowo, Poland
2 National Medicines Institute, Warsaw, Poland
3 SzentIstván University, Department of Fish Culture, Páter K. u. 1, H-2100 Gödöllő, Hungary
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_2_28 Viewed : 2153 - Downloaded : 1514 This study determined the optimum thermal conditions to induce gonad maturity in female The aim of the study was to verify which of the three studied water temperatures: 15ºC, 18ºC or 21°C is the most suitable for inducing gonad maturation and reaching maturity by the female European eel. The thermal regime during the period of female eel maturation should be established nearly individually, depending on the degree of maturation of spawners and it should be lower than that proposed until recently. The study found that 15°C is the best temperature to bring females of European eel to maturity. Excessively high temperatures were found to cause accelerated gonad maturation and to result in a lower oocyte quality. Moreover, the fish kept at higher temperatures (18ºC, 21°C) consume their energy resources (for example, for formation of gonads) faster than those kept in water at 15°C. The highest quality was noted for eggs obtained from females kept at lowest tested temperature. Keywords : Temperature, Anguilla anguilla, BWI, diseases, maturation