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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 2     (Pages: 371-384)

Dynamics of the Romanian Sprat (Sprattus sprattus, Linnaeus 1758) Fishery between Evolution of the Fishing Effort and the State of the Environmental Conditions

Aurelia Totoiu 1 ,Madalina Galatchi 1 ,Gheorghe Radu 1

1 National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa” DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_2_17 Viewed : 2949 - Downloaded : 2349 Sprat is one of the fish species with special commercial importance in the Romanian marine area, but its share in the catches of the recent years has significantly diminished. The paper is a synthesis of long-term observations on catches of sprat in the Romanian area considering the evolution of fishing effort by both active and passive gears and considering the state of environmental conditions in the period. The main elements analysed are: dynamics of sprat catches and its share on fishing gears; evolution of fishing effort; sprat stock status and fishing agglomerations biomass; environmental conditions influence on the status and distribution of fishing agglomerations; evolution of biological parameters of the sprat. Keywords : Romanian Black Sea area, catch, fishing effort, biomass, environmental conditions