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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2017, Vol 17, Num, 4     (Pages: 681-687)

Effect of Vitrification by Propylene Glycol-Based Solutions on the Survival Rate of the Persian Sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) Embryos

Saeide Keivanloo 1 ,Mohammad Sudagar 1 ,Abasali Hajibeglou 1

1 Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Department of Fishery Sciences Basij Sq., Gorgan 49138-15739, Iran DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_4_04 Viewed : 807 - Downloaded : 569 The effects of vitrification on the embryo viability of the Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus) were investigated in this study. Vitrificant solutions (VS1-VS6) were prepared by combining propylene glycol (PG) as basic cryoprotectant plus other permeable and non-permeable cryoprotectants in different concentration. Embryos at neurulation stage were selected and incubated in six vitrificant solutions for 7 minutes using four-step incorporation protocol before transferring into liquid nitrogen. Following these treatments, the embryos were washed well and incubated until hatching. The results showed that PG-based vitrificant solutions seemed to be suitable for the vitrification of Persian sturgeon embryos except VS4. After vitrification (-196 °C for 10 min), the embryos were thawed (water bath, 0 or 20 °C), rehydrated and incubated to determine survival rate. Results demonstrated that the embryos treated with solutions VS1, VS2, VS3, VS5 and VS6 presented some degrees of viability after vitrification, whereas none survived after vitrification in VS4. There were no differences in the results obtained using either 0 or 20 °C thawing temperatures. Among six vitrificant solutions, the combination of 6 M PG + 5 M dimethyl sulfoxide + 6 M ethylene glycol + 3 M acetamide (VS1) had the highest survival rate (59.09 %). Keywords : Vitrification, Persian sturgeon, Embryo, Cryopreservation, Cryoprotectant