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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2011, Vol 11, Num, 2     (Pages: 315-321)

Systematic Status of Nine Mullet Species (Mugilidae) in the Mediterranean Sea

Cemal Turan 1 ,Mevlüt Gürlek 1 ,Deniz Ergüden 1 ,Deniz Yağlıoğlu 1 ,Bayram Öztürk 2

1 Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Fisheries, TR-31200, Iskenderun-Hatay, Turkey
2 Istanbul University, Faculty of Fisheries, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.4194/trjfas.2011.0216 Viewed : 3991 - Downloaded : 5075 Systematic relationships among four genera and nine species (Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758, Mugil soiuy Basilewsky, 1855, Liza ramada (Risso, 1827), Liza aurata (Risso, 1810), Liza abu (Heckel, 1843), Liza saliens (Risso, 1810), Liza carinata (Valenciennes, 1836), Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827), Oedalechilus labeo (Cuvier, 1829)) of the Mugilidae family living in the Mediterranean Sea were investigated using morphological characters. Moreover the systematic relationship of M. soiuy and L. abu among other mullet species was investigated in the present study for the first time. Hierarchical cluster analyses of morphometric data were not concordant with the meristic data. Meristic characters in the present study were more discriminative than morphometric characters in terms of taxonomic classification of the mullets. According to meristic data in UPGMA tree, all nine species were grouped in two main branching. In the first branch, C. labrosus and O. labeo were clustered as closest taxa, and being the sister group to the L. aurata. The other four Liza species produced two sub-branching in this group; L. carinata was branched with L. saliens, which is neighbour to L. ramada. In the second branch two species, M. soiuy and L. abu were clustered together and highly isolated from others. M cephalus was clustered as a most differentiated species from all other Mugil species. Keywords : Mugilidae, morphology, morphological characters, truss network system