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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2012, Vol 12, Num, 5     (Pages: 397-405)

Picoplankton Dynamics during Late Spring 2010 in the South-Eastern Black Sea

Ulgen Kopuz 1 ,Ali Muzaffer Feyzioglu 2 ,Ertugrul Agirbas 1

1 Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Faculty of Fisheries, Department of Marine Biology, 53100, Rize, Turkey
2 Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Marine Sciences, 61530, Sürmene, Trabzon,Turkey
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v12_2_28 Viewed : 4416 - Downloaded : 3022 Abundance and biomass of picoplankton which are major component of the marine microbial food web with physicochemical environmental variables were monitored monthly in the south-eastern Black Sea during late spring 2010. According to our results Synechococcus spp. abundance range from 3.67 x105 - 6.58 x108 cells L-1 whereas biomass range from 0.15-23.9 μg C L-1. Maximum abundance and biomass of Synechococcus spp. were found at 1% light level at June 2010. The minimum and the maximum heterotrophic bacterial abundance and biomass ranged between 1.14x109- 3.63x109 cells L-1 and 6.24-76 μg C L-1, respectively. Heterotrophic bacteria made a higher contribution to picoplankton biomass on the region, while picophytoplankton became more important within the microbial food web at 30 m in June. The ratio of bacterial carbon (integrated 30 m) to phytoplankton carbon was 0.69, 0.24, 0.49 at April, May and June, respectively. In the top of 20 m water column phytoplankton carbon biomass was 2-3 times higher than picoplankton. Below this depth, however, picoplankton represented the dominant fraction in terms of carbon biomass (50-75%). Keywords : Cyanobacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, carbon biomass, microbial loop, Black Sea