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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2023, Vol 23, Num, 11     (Pages: TRJFAS24068)

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Alternative Strategies for Combating AMR in Aquaculture

Raja Aadil Hussain Bhat 1 ,Ilhan Altinok 2-3

1 ICAR-Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research, Uttarakhand, India
2 Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Chemistry, Aquatic Animal Health and Molecular Genetic Lab, C Block, 61080 Trabzon, Türkiye
3 Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Fisheries Technology Engineering, Faculty of Marine Sciences, 61530 Trabzon, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4194/TRJFAS24068 Viewed : 928 - Downloaded : 807 Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food production systems is regarded as a major threat to public health and nutrition security. Due to the potential for horizontal gene transfer, AMR in aquaculture might eventually spread to clinically important strains found in the environment, thereby affecting human health and the whole ecosystem. It is essential to comprehend the mechanisms driving AMR in aquaculture, including plasmids, integrons, and gene cassettes, to develop AMR risk management strategies. This review article presents an in-depth analysis of AMR in aquaculture and potential risks it presents to public health and the environment. The review provides a comprehensive understanding of the complexities of AMR by delving into the molecular and genetic factors that contribute to its spread. It also highlights the antibiotic usage pattern in different countries. The article also elaborates on alternative strategies that can be adopted to prevent and control fish diseases without negatively impacting the environment. This understanding may aid in the development of plans aimed at halting the spread of AMR and safeguarding public health. The various alternative approaches discussed in the review can offer potential solutions for controlling fish diseases in a manner that is both effective and environmentally safe for ecosystems and public health. Keywords : Aquaculture Antimicrobial resistance Antibiotic Alternative treatments Bacteria